Perú is one of the few Latin American countries where the indigenous population is the majority. The 45% of the population is Amerindian, while only the 15% is European. The mayor Amerindian group is formed by the quechuas, named after the quachua language which was the one used in the Inca empire. More than 10 million of Incan descendants are nowadays living in the highest lands of the Andes. The second Amerindian group is formed by the aymarás, who were a community subjected to the Incas, and later to the Spanish. Most of them live in Perú and Bolivia, in the surroundings of the Titicaca Lake.
One of the reasons why Perú is known worldwide is the Ruta del Inca: a 40 kilometres route through the Valle Sagrado in the Andes. The official start of the route is in the village of Qorihuayrachina and it usually lasts four days, it is characterized by the ecosystem variety of the mountain forest and the Andes tableland. You need to be very careful with the altitude sickness, because during the route there are points 4200 metres high. Through the itinerary, you will see ancient cities such as Huiñay Huayna, on the mountainside, which shows the Inca architecture. At the end of the route, the city of Machu Picchu is hidden in the depth of the Valle Sagrado; the reason why they have constructed a city in such a remote spot is still unknown, but the most probable option is that it was for religious reasons, since many structures of the city look like temples and observatories.
A curiosity: Cuzco, the ancient capital of the Inca Empire, had a puma shape, and on the head of this puma there was the temple of Saqsayhuamán. The construction has a strange zigzag-shaped wall, and it represents the teeth’s line of the puma; it was constructed with rocks up to 300 kg. Another famous construction of Cuzco is Qoriqancha, the Temple of the Sun. The Spanish discovered this temple while building the Santo Domingo Convent over it. In 1950, a huge earthquake destroyed the Spanish structure, but the original Inca one remained practically intact: the ancient Incas knew the antiseismic building before the Europeans did!
And here, as usual, the serious stuff: drinks in Perú! What you should know is that the Peruvian Happy Hour (which you can easily know where to have, since they post the flyers on the walls of the bars and pubs with the price on it) is a sort of “institution” in the country, there’s not a fixed hour, so you could have appetizers at 10AM, and, most important information, they are cheaper then the normal, and would be applied the rule of the “2×1”, meaning that you pay for one drink, and they give you two!