The vanguards of the first XX century, especially the cubism and the surrealism, had a great impact on the Hispanic artistic world: here’s a brief description of three of the most important ones, which are known worldwide.

Pablo Ruiz Picasso (1881-1873) is the most esteemed artist, both when he was still alive and after his death. He started the cubism movement, which is an artistic style that represents objects not just from one point of view, but from multiple perspectives. Picasso’s figures appear distorted and split, as you can see in his most famous works. Before the cubist phase, Picasso drew his famous works of the blue period, an era marked by the suicide of an intimate friend of him. It is characterized by the melancholic tone that represents harlequins, ballerinas or other artists friends of the painter.

Salvador Dalí (1903-1989) is known in Spain for his eccentric aspect: long moustaches and strange hats (including French baguettes!). He is certainly the most famous Hispanic surrealistic artist; surrealism is a movement that wants to represent the world of the dreams: this world, for Dalí, was much more revealing than the real world. Even if his images appear to be strange hallucinations with symbolic elements, his plastic style is more traditional. He was one of the first elite artists that got interest into the mass culture, and this ability to integrate the modern with the classic makes him, according to some critics, the first postmodern artist.

The Mexican Frida Kahlo (1907-1954) is an icon of the Latin-American art and the western feminism. Her style was eclectic: a mixture of the surrealism and the naïf art with the Mexican popular tradition. When she was young, she had a poliomyelitis attack that left her with a leg shorter than the other. When she was eighteen, a bus accident caused her bad injuries at the spine, the pelvis and the womb, and she suffered the consequences for the rest of her life. That’s the reason why it is said that she transformed her suffering into art. She is famous for her self-portraits charges with symbols that allude to her personal history. In 2002, Salma Hayek embodied the artist in a great movie, Frida.

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