How does the Spanish accent work?
The Spanish accent might be difficult to understand as it changes depending on a number of factors. Each word in Spanish has a stressed syllable: a syllable is a unit of sound formed by a consonant and a vowel.
There are words formed by only one syllable, for example “pan”; there are words formed by two syllables, for example “ca-sa”. We also have words formed by three syllables, for example “ca-mi-sa”.
Besides, it’s important to understand when we have to write down an accent and when it is not necessary to do so. Don’t worry, it’s not too difficult! You just have to follow some easy rules!
This lovely video tutorial will explain them in a very simple way!
We have three types of words depending on where the stress is.
Words of the first type called agudas: they have the stress on the last syllable and we have to write an accent when they end in -n,-s or vowel.
Words of the second type are called llanas: the stress is in the next to the last syllable. We have to write down an accent when they have an ending which is different from -n, -s and vowel.
Words of the third type are called esdrújulas: the stress is on the third from the last syllable and we always have to write down an accent.
There is also another type of words: they are called sobresdrújulas and the stress is on the fourth to the last syllable. We always to write down an accent.
Now try to think of ten words in Spanish and follow the rules to do some practice: think where the word is stressed and if you need to write down an accent or not!