Congiuntivo Passato in Italian

The Congiuntivo (subjunctive) is an Italian mood mainly used in subordinate clauses to express doubt, uncertainty or personal feelings. It consists of four tenses that depend on the verb in the main clause or on some conjunctions.

The Congiuntivo Passato is formed by the Congiuntivo Presente of Essere or Avere plus the Past Participle of the verb.

Let’s see!

ESSEREPAST PARTICIPLE
IOSiaArrivato/a
TUSiaArrivato/a
LUI/LEISiaArrivato/a
NOISiamoArrivati/e
VOISiateArrivati/e
LOROSianoArrivati/e

 

AVEREPAST PARTICIPLE
IOAbbiaConosciuto
TUAbbiaConosciuto
LUI/LEIAbbiaConosciuto
NOIAbbiamoConosciuto
VOIAbbiateConosciuto
LOROAbbianoConosciuto

 

The Congiuntivo Passato is used to express something that happened prior to the action expressed in the main clause when in the main clause the verb is in the Present Tense or Future Simple.

Here you have some examples.

ItalianEnglish
Pensi che ieri a Londra sia piovuto?Do you think that yesterday it rained in London?
Spero che Marco sia arrivato a lavoro in orario.I hope Marco arrived at work on time.
Non credo di superare l’esame, nonostante abbia studiato molto.I don’t believe I will pass the exam even though I studied hard.
Se non arriverò entro 10 minuti penserà che mi sia dimenticato del nostro appuntamento.If I don’t arrive in 10 minutes she will think that I forgot our appointment.

 

Can you make some more examples to use it?

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