Futuro Anteriore

Futuro Anteriore Italian grammar tip

Do you know what is the Futuro Anteriore in Italian?

The Futuro Anteriore in Italian is a future tense that can have different uses.

In general, it expresses a future action that will happen before another action expressed with a Futuro Semplice.

Let’s go through some examples.

ItalianEnglish
Quando Marta arriverà, avrò preparato il pranzo.When Marta will arrive, I will have prepared lunch.
Fra due anni sarò tornata a Roma e lavorerò come ingegnere.In two years I will have returned to Rome and I will work as an engineer.
Alle 6pm avrò finito di lavorare e tornerò a casa.At 6pm I will have finished work and I will go back home.

 

The Futuro Anteriore is made with the Futuro Semplice of essere or avere + the past participle of the main verb.

As you can see in the second example, when we use essere, the past participle agrees with the subject.

There is also another possible use of this tense.

We can use this tense to make an hypothesis about something, to express something probable.

For example:

Marco avrà chiamato mentre ero occupata. –> Probably Marco called while I was busy.

Laura avrà pensato che era meglio prendere un taxi per tornare a casa. –> Probably Laura thought that it was better to take a cab to go back home.

Are you ready to make other examples?

It would be a fantastic practice to do straight away!

If you want to learn more, watch our nice video tutorials on Youtube.

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