In Italian the Gerundio is an Indefinite Mood mostly used in Progressive Forms and in Subordinate Clauses.
The Gerundio includes only two tenses, Present and Past.
Let’s have a look at the Gerundio Passato!
The Gerundio Passato is composed of the Gerundio Presente of essere or avere plus the Participio Passato of the main verb.
|Io, Tu, Lui/Lei||Essendo arrivato/a||Essendo stato/a|
|Noi, Voi, Loro||Essendo arrivati/e||Essendo stati/e|
|Io, Tu, Lui/Lei, Noi, Voi, Loro||Avendo scritto||Avendo avuto|
You might have noticed that if the main verb requires the auxiliary essere, the Past Participle agrees with the person it refers to.
How do we use this tense?
The Gerundio Passato expresses an action which happened prior to the one in the main clause.
Similarly to the Gerundio Presente, it can express different relationships with the main clause, especially Causal and Concessive.
Read these examples to see how it works.
|Avendo lavorato tutto il giorno, Marco è molto stanco.||Having worked all day, Marco is very tired. (Causal)|
|Avendo dormito bene, il giorno dopo mi sentivo in gran forma.||Having slept well, the day after I felt really good. (Causal)|
|Pur avendo studiato molto, Anna non ha superato l’esame.||Although she had studied a lot, Anna didn’t pass the exam. (Concessive)|
Now it is important to practice as much as possible!
Why don’t you try making more sentences with this tense?
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