Gerundio Presente

In Italian the Gerundio (Gerund) is a Mood composed by two tenses: Present and Past.

In general, this is an Indefinite Mood and is used in Progressive forms of the verb or in subordinate clauses.

In this grammar tip we focus on the latter use.

The Gerundio Presente is a simple tense and expresses an action which is simultaneous to that expressed by the main clause.

Here you have the forms of this tense.

Arrivare Scrivere Partire
Arrivando Scrivendo Partendo
Essere Avere Fare
Essendo Avendo Facendo


As you can see, we have only one form for each verb.

Those forms do not change accordingly to the subject.

The Gerundio Presente depends on the main verb and can express a Causal, Temporal, Modal, Concessive or Hypothetical relationship with the main clause.

So how shall we use the Gerundio Presente in Italian? 

Let’s read some examples to better understand it.

Italian English
Non avendo i biglietti, non è potuto andare al concerto. Not having the tickets / As he didn’t have the tickets he couldn’t go to the concert. (Causal)
Ho incontrato Anna tornando a casa. I met Anna coming back home / while I was coming back home. (Temporal)
Parlandogli, ho risolto il problema. Talking to him I sorted the problem out. (Modal)
Pur studiando molto, non ha superato gli esami. Even though studying hard, he didn’t pass the exams. (Concessive)
Continuando a spendere così tanto resterai senza soldi. Keeping spending so much / If you keep spending so much you will end up without any money. (Hypothetical)


It’s time to try and make more examples to practice!

Who is going to start?

If you want to learn more Italian grammar, have a look here.

Alternatively you can go through all our online resources and enjoy some nice video tutorials.

Learning the Italian language can be really fun!


If you are at this level of Italian, join the Italian Evening Upper Intermediate 1 course!