The very first thing one should be able to express in any language is those acts of communication that allow people to make their presence known to one another. Indeed, los saludos (greetings) represent those words uttered between two individuals or groups of people encountering each other.

Hola ->Hello
Buenos días ->Good morning
Buenas tardes ->Good afternoon/Good evening
Buenas noches ->Good evening/Goodnight


Hasta pronto ->See you soon
Hasta luego/Nos vemos ->See you later
Adiós ->Goodbye
Chao ->Bye
las despedidas (farewells)


Regarding when using each one of the greetings above at the appropriate time of the day, buenos días is employed from early morning till midday, buenas tardes from midday to sunset, and buenas noches after dark, but not before 8 p.m. Note that buenas noches is also used when going to bed or saying goodbye to someone late at night.


Diálogo Informal Informal Dialogue

Juan: Hola, María.

María: Hola, Juan.

J.: ¿Cómo estás?

M.: Muy bien, gracias. ¿Y tú qué tal?

J.: Todo bien, gracias.

M.: Hasta pronto.

J.: Chao.

Juan: Hi, María.

María: Hi, Juan.

J.: ¿How are you?

M.: Very well, thanks. What about you?

J.: All good, thanks.

M.: See you soon.

J.: Bye.



Diálogo Formal Formal Dialogue

M.: Buenas tardes, señora García.

G.: Buenas tardes, señor Martinez.

M.: ¿Cómo está?

G.: Muy bien, gracias. ¿Qué tal está usted?

M.: Todo bien, gracias.

G.: Me alegro. Hasta luego.

M.: Adiós.

M: Good afternoon, Mrs. García.

G.: Good afternoon, Mr. Martinez.

M.: ¿How are you?

G.: Very well, thank you. And yourself?

M.: All good, thank you.

G.: I’m glad. See you later.

M.: Goodbye.


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