Passato Prossimo with Direct Pronouns

passato prossimo with direct pronoun

How can we use the Passato Prossimo with Direct Pronouns?

As you might have noticed, the Passato Prossimo with Direct Pronouns behaves differently from what the general rule states.

When you went through the Passato Prossimo, you learnt that the Past Participle agrees with the subject only when the auxiliary verb is Essere, whilst when the auxiliary verb is Avere the Past Participle stays always the same.

For example:

Ieri sono andata al parco.

La settimana scorsa siamo partiti per Parigi.

Due giorni fa io e mia sorella siamo tornate a casa molto tardi.

L’anno scorso ho comprato la macchina.

Due settimane fa abbiamo mangiato in un ristorante buonissimo.

Stamattina i miei amici hanno prenotato una vacanza.

So when we use a Passato Prossimo with the auxiliary verb Avere the Past Participle always ends in -o, no matter who the verb refers to.

But what happens when we use the Passato Prossimo with Avere combined with a Direct Pronoun?

We will go through some examples to understand that.

Hai comprato i fiori? Sì, li ho comprati.Did you buy flowers? Yes, I bought them.
Ho invitato Anna due volte al mio compleanno ma non è mai venuta, quindi non l‘ho più invitata.I invited Anna twice to my birthday party but she never came, so I haven’t invited her again.
Le scarpe di tua sorella sono bellissime, dove le ha comprate?Your sister’s shoes are beautiful, where did she buy them?


In the examples you can see that when we use a Direct Pronoun the Past Participle agrees with the noun it refers to even if the auxiliar verb is Avere.

So we need to pay attention to gender and number to make sure that the Passato Prossimo is correct!

The position of the Direct Pronoun is always before the Passato Prossimo.

Why don’t you try practicing now?

And if you want to revise some other topics, check our online resources or watch some nice video tutorials!

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