Italian Grammar Tip

The Italian periodo ipotetico (conditional clause or hypothetical phrase) is a structure composed of two clauses. The dependent one is introduced by “SE” and it expresses the condition (or supposition) on which the main clause depends.

There are three types of hypothesis, in terms of Italian grammar. The first of these three types is the one that expresses reality:

The hypothesis is perfectly possible; often you can exchange “when” for “if“.
It uses SE + INDICATIVO (presente, futuro, passato prossimo, whatever you need to mean), and the INDICATIVO or IMPERATIVO for the consequence.



Se l’acqua raggiunge i 100°C

If the water reaches 100°C


it boils.

Se perderai il treno

If you will lose the train

arriverai in ritardo.

you will be late.

Se c’è il sole

If it is sunny

andiamo al parco.

we go to the park.


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