The Italian Periodo Ipotetico (Hypotetical Phrase) is made of two clauses: one expresses a condition, an hypothesis, and it is introduced by “se“, which means if (or byqualora“, “purché“, “nel caso che); the main clause depends on it and expresses the consequence.

In Italian there are three types of Periodo Ipotetico: let’s focus on the second type, which expresses possibility.

In this case, the hypothesis is possible, but not sure.

It uses se + Congiuntivo Imperfetto to express the condition and the Condizionale Presente for the consequence.

Have a look:



Se mi chiedessi di andare a Roma

If you asked me to go to Rome

verrei con te

I would come with you

Se non fosse così costosa

If it wasn’t so expensive

comprerei quella macchina

I would buy that car

Se avessi tempo

If I had time

andrei in palestra tutti i giorni

I would go to the gym every day

Qualora avessi l’occasione

If I had the chance

partirei per New York

I would leave for New York


Why don’t you try with some more examples for the Italian Periodo Ipotetico?


If you are studying this topic join our Italian Evening Upper Intermediate 1 course!


If you enjoy video tutorials, check our Youtube Channel.