Spanish Grammar Tip – The Near Future

Spanish Grammar Tip

El futuro inmediato (The Near Future)

The near future in Spanish is formed with the present tense forms of the verb ir (to go) + the preposition a followed by the infinitive of the main verb. It is a verbal periphrasis that allows to express in the present a statement which conveys an idea of the future. This structure is often used in Spanish instead of the simple future in the spoken language to express a planned action or something that will occur in the near future.

In this verbal periphrasis, the verb ir (to go) loses its literal meaning to exclusively indicate the intention of the speaker to do something at a time close to the moment of speech.

Personal pronounsPresent tense of ir (to go) aInfinitive of the main verb
yovoya

jugar

comer

salir

vasa

jugar

comer

salir

él / ellavaa

jugar

comer

salir

nosotros / asvamosa

jugar

comer

salir

vosotros / asvaisa

jugar

comer

salir

ellos / ellasvana

jugar

comer

salir

 

English speakers should find the futuro inmediato (the near future in Spanish) easy to handle as the future with ‘going’ in English presents a similar structure.

 

Personal pronounPresent continuous of to goInfinitive of the main verb
Iam goingto talk
yovoya hablar

 

Here are some examples:

Vamos a ver una peli antes de ir a la cama. → We are going to watch a movie before going to bed.

El piso va a estar disponible a partir del 3 de mayo. → The flat is going to be available from the 3rd of May.

Mis padres van a mudarse la semana que viene. → My parents are going to move next week.

¿Vas a ir a Suecia el martes? → Are you going to go to Sweden on Tuesday?

Mañaña voy a descansar todo el día. → Tomorrow I am going to rest all day long.

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