Choosing between Ser and Estar in Spanish might be tricky.

Whilst in English we use only the verb “to be“, in Spanish it can be translated with Ser or Estar depending on the use.

But don’t worry too much, it’s just a matter of practice!

That is why we thought that this nice video tutorial could be of help.

A simple explanation of the difference is what you need to start.

So let’s watch the tutorial!



Usamos Ser para:

nombres (names) –> Soy Gisela (I am Gisela)

origen (origin) –> Soy Española (I am Spanish)

profesión (profession) –> Soy profesora (I am a teacher)

aspecto físico / carácter (physical appearance / character) –> Soy pequeña (I am young)

relaciones familiares (family relation) –> Antonio es mi tío (Antonio is my uncle)

Now let’s talk about the uses of Estar.

Usamos Estar para:

expresar ubicación (expressing the location) –> el Museo Británico está en Bloomsbury (The British Museum is in Bloomsbury)

estado fisico y del ánimo (physical condition and mood) –> estoy cansada (I am tired)

expresar el estado civil (expressing marital status) –> estoy soltera (I am single)

hablar de gustos de la comida y bibida (tal about food and drink taste) –> la sopa está fría (The soup is cold)

Watch out not to confuse them: using a different verb in the same sentence can have a completely different meaning.

For example if we say “La niña es alegre we mean that the girl is happy as a person.

If we say “La niña está alegre we mean that she is happy right now.


Now it’s time to practice!

Start using Ser and Estar and the difference will get clearer and clearer!

If you want to know more, have a look at this useful grammar tip.

Did you enjoy the video tutorial? Revise more topics watching some more here!